Surinder Jaggi | Jaggi | Entrepreneurship | Entrepreneur


Surinder Jaggi is an entrepreneur from India.

Facebook Algorithm – EdgeRank


What is EdgeRank?

EdgeRank is the Facebook algorithm that decides which stories appear in each user’s newsfeed. The algorithm hides boring stories, so if your story doesn’t score well, no one will see it.

The first thing someone sees when they log into Facebook is the newsfeed. This is a summary of what’s been happening recently among their friends on Facebook.

Every action their friends take is a potential newsfeed story. Facebook calls these actions “Edges.” That means whenever a friend posts a status update, comments on another status update, tags a photo, joins a fan page, or RSVP’s to an event it generates an “Edge,” and a story about that Edge might show up in the user’s personal newsfeed.

It’d be completely overwhelming if the newsfeed showed all of the possible stories from your friends. So Facebook created an algorithm to predict how interesting each story will be to each user. Facebook calls this algorithm “EdgeRank” because it ranks the edges. Then they filter each user’s newsfeed to only show the top-ranked stories for that particular user.

Why should I care?

Because most of your Facebook fans never see your status updates.

Facebook looks at all possible stories and says “Which story has the highest EdgeRank score? Let’s show it at the top of the user’s newsfeed. Which one has the next highest score? Let’s show it next.” If EdgeRank predicts a particular user will find your status update boring, then your status update will never even be shown to that particular user.

Caveat: There actually appears to be two algorithms, although this has not been conclusively proven. The EdgeRank algorithm ranks stories, and a second algorithm sorts the newsfeed. This newsfeed algorithm includes a randomization element and a keyword aggregator. Zuckerberg mentioned in an interview with TechCrunch that Facebook users found it eery how well Facebook knew what they were interested in, so they started randomizing the newsfeed slightly.

The numbers on this are frightening. In 2007, a Facebook engineer said in an interview that only about 0.2% of eligible stories make it into a user’s newsfeed. That means that your status update is competing with 499 other stories for a single slot in a user’s newsfeed.

How does EdgeRank work?

EdgeRank is like a credit rating: it’s invisible, it’s important, it’s unique to each user, and no one other than Facebook knows knows exactly how it works.

At Facebook’s 2010 F8 conference, they revealed the three ingredients of the algorithm:

Affinity Score
Edge Weight
Time Decay
Affinity Score

Affinity Score means how “connected” a particular user is to the Edge. For example, I’m friends with my brother on Facebook. In addition, I write frequently on his wall, and we have fifty mutual friends. I have a very high affinity score with my brother, so Facebook knows I’ll probably want to see his status updates.
Facebook calculates affinity score by looking at explicit actions that users take, and factoring in 1) the strength of the action, 2) how close the person who took the action was to you, and 3) how long ago they took the action.

Explicit actions include clicking, liking, commenting, tagging, sharing, and friending. Each of these interactions has a different weight that reflects the effort required for the action–more effort from the user demonstrates more interest in the content. Commenting on something is worth more than merely liking it, which is worth more than merely clicking on it. Passively viewing a status update in your newsfeed does not count toward affinity score unless you interact with it.

Affinity score measures not only my actions, but also my friends’ actions, and their friends’ actions. For example, if I commented on a fan page, it’s worth more than if my friend commented, which is worth more than if a friend of a friend commented. Not all friends’ actions are treated equally. If I click on someone’s status updates and write on their wall regularly, that person’s actions influence my affinity score significantly more than another friend who I tend to ignore.

Lastly, if I used to interact with someone a lot, but less so now, then their influence will start to wane. Technically, Facebook is just multiplying each action by 1/x, where x is the time since the action happened.

Affinity score is one-way. My brother has a different affinity score to me than I have to him. If I write on my brother’s wall, Facebook knows I care about my brother, but doesn’t know if my brother cares about me.

This may sound confusing, but it’s mostly common sense.

Edge Weight

Each category of edges has a different default weight. In plain English, this means that comments are worth more than likes.

Every action that a user takes creates an edge, and each of those edges, except for clicks, creates a potential story. By default, you are more likely to see a story in your newsfeed about me commenting on a fan page than a story about me liking a fan page.

Facebook changes the edge weights to reflect which type of stories they think user will find most engaging. For example, photos and videos have a higher weight than links. Conceivably, this could be adjusted on a per-user level–if Sam tends to comment on photos, and Michelle comments on links, then Sam will have a higher Edge weight for photos and Michelle will have a higher Edge weight for links. It’s not clear if Facebook does this or not.

As a sidenote, Facebook may actually rank the act of commenting, liking, visiting a fan page, or even fanning a page differently depending on the source. For example, becoming a fan via an ad may have a lower Edge score than becoming a fan by searching for the fan page and then becoming a fan. This makes intuitive sense–the one user is hunting for the page and generally will care more about page stories than someone who had an ad thrust in their face. There is no conclusive proof of this though.

New Facebook features generally have a high Edge weight in order to promote the feature to users. For example, when Facebook Places rolled out, check-ins had a very high default weight for a few months and your newsfeed was probably inundated with stories like “John checked into Old Navy.” Generally, after a few weeks or months Facebook dials the new feature back to a more reasonable weight.

Time Decay

As a story gets older, it loses points because it’s “old news.”

EdgeRank is a running score–not a one-time score. When a user logs into Facebook, their newsfeed is populated with edges that have the highest score at that very moment in time. Your status update will only hit the newsfeed if it has a higher score–at that moment in time–than the other possible newsfeed stories.

Facebook is just multiplying the story by 1/x, where x is the time since the action happened. This may be a linear decay function, or it may be exponential–it’s not clear.

Additionally, Facebook seems to be adjusting this time-decay factor based on 1) how long since the user last logged into Facebook, and 2) how frequently the user logs into Facebook. It’s not clear how exactly this works, but my experiments have shown time-decay changes if I log into Facebook more.

How do I check my EdgeRank Score?

Anyone who claims to check your EdgeRank is lying to you. It is completely impossible.

You can measure the effects of EdgeRank by seeing how many people you reached. You can also measure how much engagement you got (which impacts EdgeRank) using a Facebook analytics tool.

But there is no “general EdgeRank score” because each fan has a different affinity score with the page.

Furthermore, Facebook keeps the algorithm a secret, and they’re constantly tweaking it. So the value of comments compared to likes is constantly changing.

Lastly, fan pages never appear in the newsfeed–stories by/about the pages show up. So I really don’t care about the EdgeRank score of the page, I only care about the EdgeRank score of the status update (which is affected by the EdgeRank score of the page).

There will never be a 3rd-party tool that can measure EdgeRank. Too much data is private–eg, if a fan leaves a comment on my page’s status update, I can’t know how tightly he’s connected to the other fans–and the more tightly he’s connected, the more his comment impacts the Affinity Score of the status update for the other fans.

How can I optimize my fan page for EdgeRank?

It’s hard to trick an algorithm into thinking that your content is interesting. It’s much easier to rewrite your content so your fans leave more likes and comments.

Take your stodgy press releases, and turn them into questions that compel your fans to engage.

Here’s some examples:

“Click ‘like’ if you’re excited that we just released our iPad app.”
“Fill-in-the-blank: All I want for Christmas is ___. Our latest Christmas special is X.”
“Yes/No: I brushed my teeth last night. We just announed a new brand of toothpaste.”
“On a scale of 1-10, I think Obama is a great president. Watch this video of our CEO shaking hands with Obama.”
All those likes and comments will increase the Affinity Score between each fan and your page, boosting how many fans see your status updates in their newsfeed.

101 FRIDAY PUZZLES!


Every Friday on my blog I present a puzzle, challenge people to try to solve it over the weekend, and then post the answer on the following Monday. I avoid cryptic crosswords and number grids, and instead focus on the type of quirky puzzles that are likely to produce that rare but satisfying ‘a-ha’ moment.

The Friday Puzzle has attracted a large and loyal following, with people frequently arguing about the best way to tackle the various problems, and often coming up with new and ingenious answers.

Here are 101 of my favourite Friday Puzzles. If you are stumped, or want to check your answers, I have produced an ebook containing 101 of the previous Friday Puzzles! It is called PUZZLED and is available for the Kindle (UK here and USA here) and on the iBookstore (UK here in the USA here).

Puzzle 1 – Inside the dungeon

You are trapped in a dungeon with only a small amount of food and water. The guard takes a piece of chalk from his pocket and draws the Roman numeral for 9 on the wall. He then hands you the chalk and challenges you to draw one single continuous line and turn this into a 6. If you can solve the puzzle then you get an extra helping of food.

Puzzle 2 – Time for an equation

Annoyed, the guard then draws the following equation on the wall…

IO IO II = IO.50

…and challenges you to add a single line to make it correct. Oh, and there is just one rule – you are not allowed to place your line over the equals sign in order to convert it into a ‘not equals’ sign! Can you solve the puzzle?

Puzzle 3 – The Race

You are a cyclist in a cross-country race. Just before getting to the finish line you overtake the person in second place. What place did you finish in?

Puzzle 4 – Horsing around

Look at this picture of a horse.

Can you figure out why this picture is so riveting?

Puzzle 5 – Jason, my pet frog

My pet frog is called Jason. Jason has been a very silly frog and fallen into a well that is 12 feet deep. Now, as you might expect, Jason is eager to get out, but can only jump 3 feet high. Not only that, but the walls of the well are covered in slime and so he slips down 2 feet each time he lands. So, every jump takes Jason 3 ft up but 2 ft back. How many jumps will Jason have to make to get out of the 12ft well? And before you ask, Jason does not have access to any springs, ladders, or crampons.

Puzzle 6 – Nine dots

Here is the old ‘nine dot’ problem, first popularized around the turn of the last century, and used in lots of creativity training sessions ever since. Starting from any point and without lifting your pen from the page, can you draw 4 straight lines, such that each of the nine dots has at least one line running through it?

Here is a lesser known variant of the puzzle. Starting from any point and without lifting your pen from the page, can you draw 1 straight line, such that each of the nine dots has the line running through it?

Puzzle 7 – Time for a quickie

Time for a quickie. What kind of cheese is made backwards?

Puzzle 8 – Sequences

What letter comes next in each of these sequences….

1) W, L, C, N, I, T,_

2) O, T, T, F, F, S,_

3) A, S, D, F, G, H,_

Puzzle 9 – Just between you and me

Can you identify the phrase represented by the following words?

For example…..YOU JUST ME….represents ‘just between you and me’

Try these three:

1) SALE SALE SALE SALE

2) STAND
I

3) BRO KEN

Puzzle 10 – The Post Office

Imagine waiting in line at the Post Office. There is one person in front of you and another behind. The door suddenly bursts open and in walks a man. He has a bag containing four hats (two white and two black). The man makes everyone in the line shut their eyes, takes three hats from the bag and placed one on each person’s head. Then he tells you all to look straight ahead and open your eyes, thus ensuring that each of you can only see the colour of any hats directly in front of you.

The man then issues his ultimatum. “First, you are not allowed to say anything to one another. Now, if any of you can correctly state the colour of the hat you are wearing, all three of you will live. However, if you get it wrong then something nasty will happen to all three of you”.

Not surprisingly, you are shocked. After all, you only came in for some stamps and a bar of chocolate. After about a minute of pin-dropping silence you suddenly name the colour of your hat. There are no mirrors or reflective surfaces in the Post Office, so how did you do it?

Puzzle 11 – Matches and a ball

11 matchsticks and a paper ball are arranged on a table to make the following picture of a dog…

Can you make the dog look in the opposite direction, and still have his tail pointing up, by moving just 2 matchsticks and the paper ball? Oh, and there are two answers!

Puzzle 12 – More matches

Arrange 9 matchsticks like this….

…now can you move just 3 matchsticks and produce 4 equilateral triangles? To make things really tricky, no overlapping of the matchsticks is allowed.

Puzzle 13 – Just between you and me again

Can you identify the phrase represented by the following words?

For example…..YOU JUST ME….represents ‘just between you and me’

Try these three:
1) R | E | A | D | I | N | G
2) TIMING TI-MING
3) THE GORILLAS MIST

Puzzle 14 – He is my son

A man and his son are involved in a car crash. The father dies on the scene and the son is rushed to hospital. On arrival the surgeon on duty says “I can’t operate on this boy, he is my son!” How is this possible?

Puzzle 15 – What colour was the bear?

A hunter walks one mile south from his camp. Then he walks one mile west and shoots a bear. Then he walks one mile north, and found himself back at his camp. What colour was the bear?

I hope that you are enjoying the puzzles. If you are stumped, or want to check your answers, I have produced an ebook containing 101 of the previous Friday Puzzles! It is called PUZZLED and is available for the Kindle (UK here and USA here) and on the iBookstore (UK here in the USA here).

Puzzle 16 – Good morning Erica

Erica has two children. One of them is a boy. What is the probability of her other child also being a boy?

Puzzle 17 – Albert’s adventure

My good friend Albert was recently given a job in a clock factory. On his first day he was asked to construct a clock, and produced the clock shown below. Albert inadvertently created a clock that is different to almost every other clock of this type in the world. Can you spot why his clock is so unusual?

Puzzle 18 – The further adventures of Albert

Soon after this clock fiasco, Albert was asked to go down to the factory basement and retrieve a rare clock from the company safe. When he got there he saw the following numbers on the safe door….

77 – 49 – 36 – xx

…the next number in the sequence will open the safe. What number should Albert use to get at the rare clock?

Puzzle 19 – Sta4nce

What phrases are represented here….

1) sta4nce

2) Give Give Give Give Get Get Get Get

3) 1245safety78271

Puzzle 20 – Gone fishing

Yesterday I went fishing. I caught a fish that had a length of 30 inches plus half its own length. How long was the fish?

Puzzle 21 – Driving challenge

As part of a rather odd driving challenge you are required to complete two laps of a racetrack at an overall average speed of 80mph. At the instant you finish the first lap, you are informed that your average speed over that first lap was only 40mph. How fast do you need to travel over the second lap to get your overall average speed up to the target value of 80mph?

Puzzle 22 – Out for lunch
Two mothers and two daughters go out for lunch. They order a rectangular pizza and divide it into equal parts with five straight cuts. They then each had an equal share of the pizza. How is this possible?

Puzzle 23 – Out for more lunch

The following day, 2 mothers and 2 daughters go out for lunch. They order 6 slices of pizza and can share them equally between them. How is this possible?

Puzzle 24 – Switches and lights

There’s a standard filament-type light bulb in a closed room upstairs. It is controlled by one of three standard on-off switches downstairs. You are downstairs. How can you discover for certain which switch controls the light by operating one or more switches, and then taking only one trip upstairs into the closed room?

Puzzle 25 – Table tennis

Two boys are playing table tennis. Their only ball falls off the table and down into a narrow metal pipe in the floor. The pipe is one foot deep and only just wider than the ball. Their hands won’t fit into the pipe, and the only tools available are their table tennis paddles and shoelaces. How can they get the ball out of the pipe?

Puzzle 26 – Storming the castle

A square medieval castle on a square island is under siege. All around the castle there is a square moat 10 meters wide. Unfortunately, a group of raiders have brought footbridges that are only 9.5 meters long. How can the invaders use their footbridges to invade the castle?

Puzzle 27 – Bacteria

In my laboratory I have a Petri dish that contains a colony of bacteria. Every minute every bacterium divides into two. The colony was started by just one cell at noon. 47 minutes later the Petri dish was half full. At what time will the dish be full of bacteria?

Puzzle 28 – Splitting the bill

Three men go to a restaurant for dinner and spend £25. Each man gives the waiter £10. The waiter keeps £2 as a tip and gives £1 back to each man. Thus each man pays £9, and so the group pay £9 x 3 = £27. The waiter keeps £2, making a total of £29. Where did the missing pound go?

Puzzle 29 – Clocking off

Can you take the clock face below, and cut it into four pieces such that the numerals on each part add up to the same number?

For example, this solution would not work because the numbers on the four pieces add up to different amounts….

Puzzle 30 – The race

A millionaire tells his two sons to buy two horses and ride to a town 5 miles away. The one whose horse is slower wins and will inherit his fortune. After thinking about the race for days, the brothers ask a wise man for guidance. Upon receiving the advice, they jump on their horses and race to the town as fast as they can. What did the wise man say to them?

I hope that you are enjoying the puzzles. If you are stumped, or want to check your answers, I have produced an ebook containing 101 of the previous Friday Puzzles! It is called PUZZLED and is available for the Kindle (UK here and USA here) and on the iBookstore (UK here in the USA here).

Puzzle 31 – 10 coins

Arrange 10 coins like this on a table….

Can you move just 2 coins to form 2 lines, each containing 6 coins?

Puzzle 32 – Butts

A man enjoys smoking cigarettes, but doesn’t have enough money to buy them. However, he realises that if he collects cigarette butts, he can make a cigarette from every 5 butts. So, the man goes around and finds 25 butts. How many cigarettes can he enjoy as a result?

Puzzle 33 – Secrets and lies

You are in trapped in a room that has two doors. One is an exit and the other has a hungry lion behind it. There two people in the room with you. The first is a nice man who always tells the truth and the other is a second hand car salesman who always lies. Both of these people know what is behind each door, but you do not know who is the nice guy and who would sell you a junk car. You may ask one of the men just one question. What should you ask in order to escape the room and avoid the hungry lion?

Puzzle 34 – Who is the murderer?

Three men make the following statements regarding a murder that they are suspected of. Two of the men are lying, and one of them is telling the truth. Only one of the men committed the crime.

A says: I didn’t do it.
B says: C did it.
C says: A did it.

Which of the three is most likely to be innocent?

Puzzle 35 – Around the earth

Imagine you have a piece of string long enough to stretch around the earth (40,074 km or 4,007,400,000 cm). Then you take an extra meter of string and add it to the string around the Earth. Now you spread this extra string around the Earth, supporting it somehow, so that the string forms a circle off the ground. How high off the ground would the string be?

Puzzle 36 – Triangles

Can you create 8 equilateral triangles with just 6 matches? You are not allowed to break the matches!

Puzzle 37 – Nostradamus says….

The weird and inaccurate soothsayer Nostradamus once announced…..

“On Wednesday 2nd February 2000, an event will take place for the first time in over 1000 years. In fact, the last time this event happened was 28 August 888″. For once, he was right. What was the event?

Puzzle 38 – The rope

You have two lengths of rope. If you set fire to the end of either of them, the rope will burn in exactly one hour. They are not the same length or width as each other. They also are not of uniform width (they might, for example, be wider in the middle than at the end), thus burning half of the rope is not necessarily going to take 30 minutes. By burning the ropes, how do you measure exactly 45 minutes worth of time?

Puzzle 39 – More numbers

What number comes next in this series…..

1….3….5……4……4…..?

Puzzle 40 – Macy and Preston

Macy and Preston are brother and sister. They get on well, but have one strange quirk. They happen to be in the same class at school, and Macy insists on sitting behind Preston, but Preston insists on sitting behind Macy. How can this seemingly impossible situation be resolved such that both of them are happy?

Puzzle 41 – Symbols

Can you place a mathematical symbol between 3 and 7 to get a number which is greater than 3 but lesser than 7?

Puzzle 42 – Three triangles

Three triangles have been made of out three matches apiece…

Can you move just three matches and create exactly five triangles?

Puzzle 43 – The power of love

John and Jane are very much in love, but live a long way apart. Jane wants to send John a box containing a lock of her hair, but in such a way that no-one can open the box en route.

Both John and Jane each buy a padlock that could secure the box. However, to avoid discovery, neither John nor Jane can have a key to the padlock that belongs to the other (so Jane cannot have John’s key, and John cannot have Jane’s key).

How can the two lovers create a scheme to ensure that John can open the box when he receives it?

Puzzle 44 – Water and wine

You have two equal sized buckets. One contains water and the other contains the same amount of wine. You transfer a cup of wine to the water bucket and mix it in. Next you transfer a cup of the mixture back to the wine bucket. Is there more wine in the water, or water in the wine?

Puzzle 45 – My friend, the Devil

Imagine running into the devil. He leans forward and hands you a cloth bag containing a marble, and explains that the marble inside the bag is either black or white. He then adds a white marble, shakes the bag, and takes out a marble at random. It’s white.

Then the devil says ‘What are the odds that the remaining marble is white? Oh, and if you get it wrong, I get your soul’.

What do you say?

Puzzle 46 – The hungry bookworm

A ten-volume set of books are placed upright, in order, on a shelf. Each book is 4.5 cm thick, and has two covers, each of which are .5 cm thick. A bookworm starts on page 1 of Volume 1, and munches his way in a straight horizontal line through to the last page of the tenth volume. What distance does the worm travel?

Puzzle 47 – A riddle

What can you hold in your right hand, but not in your left?

Puzzle 48 – Balancing equations

Can you make the following equation correct by moving just one matchstick? There are two answers. Oh, and you are not allowed to use the ‘not equals to’ sign!

Puzzle 49 – More equations

Can you move 1 matchstick and make the equation valid (and you are not allowed to use the ‘not equals to’ sign!).

I hope that you are enjoying the puzzles. If you are stumped, or want to check your answers, I have produced an ebook containing 101 of the previous Friday Puzzles! It is called PUZZLED and is available for the Kindle (UK here and USA here) and on the iBookstore (UK here in the USA here).

Puzzle 50 – Apples and oranges

You are given three boxes of fruit. One contains just apples, one contains just oranges, and one contains a mixture of apples and oranges.

One box is labelled ‘apples’, one is labelled ‘oranges’, and one is labelled ‘apples and oranges’. None of the boxes is labeled correctly.

Can you label the boxes correctly if you are only allowed to take and look at just one piece of fruit from just one of the boxes?

Puzzle 51 – The race

Two journalists go to an athletics meeting. There were three contestants in the 100 m race – John, James, and Jack. One journalist reported that John won the race, while James came in second. The other journalist reported that Jack won the race while John came in second. But you know how unreliable journalists are – in fact, each reporter had given one correct statement and one false statement.

What was the actual placing of the three contestants?

Puzzle 52 – The cannibals

Imagine that you are trekking through a remote jungle and being captured by cannibals. You are brought before the chief and told, “You may now speak your last words. If your statement is true, then we will burn you at the stake. If your statement is false, we will boil you in oil.” Logically, what statement can you make to ensure that the cannibals have to let you go?

Puzzle 53 – Stop the crying babies

Imagine that there are nine babies on a hospital ward.

Unfortunately, they are all crying their heads off because they are suffering from colic. You are given permission to order two sound proofed screens, each of which is in the shape of a square, and asked to arrange the screens in such a way as to ensure that each baby is isolated from all of the others. The square screens can be any size you like. Can you solve the problem?

Puzzle 54 – Feathers

You are drugged and wake-up in a locked room with a man. There is a table in the room and there are 11 feathers on the table. A voice booms over a loudspeaker explaining that the two of you are going to take turns removing feathers from the table. Each time you and the other chap can choose to take either one, two or three feathers. Whoever ends up taking the final feather from the table will be shot. You get to go first – how many feathers should you take from the table?

Puzzle 55 – 12 matchsticks

Take 12 matches and use 8 of them to create a square like this…..

Can you use the 4 extra matches to divide the square into 2 parts, where each part has the same shape and area? And no stacking up of the matchsticks!

Puzzle 56 – The combination

Imagine that you are trapped in a prison cell. The only way out is through the door, but the door is locked. There is a combination lock on the door, and the following sequence of numbers appears above the lock:

1
11
21
1211
111221
312211

…to open the door you have to enter the next number in the sequence into the combination lock. What number should you enter?

Puzzle 57 – Time for pasta

I have to make dinner and have to boil some pasta for exactly 9 minutes. However, I only have two hourglasses. One of them measures 7 minutes and the other measures 4 minutes. Can I use the hourglasses to time exactly 9 minutes?

Puzzle 58 – Yes, no, don’t know

Once again, you are trapped in a prison and the guard decides to play a game. If you win, you will be allowed to leave. But if you lose, you die. The guard says that he is thinking of Number 1, Number 2, or Number 3. You are allowed to ask one question to find out which of these three numbers the guard has in mind. However, the guard will only answer with a “yes”, “no”, or “I don’t know”. What should you say to the guard?

Puzzle 59 – The bike ride

The other day I went for a bike ride. My favourite route has signs every meter saying how far you have travelled. I came across the sign saying ’15951 meters’ and thought ‘Oh, that’s interesting, it is a number palindrome because it reads the same from left to right as right to left’. Then I rode on. Two hours later I came across the next palindromic number sign. How fast was I going?

Puzzle 60 – The lance

A knight arrives at a castle carrying a lance that is five feet long. The guard tells him that no-one is allowed in the castle with an object that is over four feet long. The knight is a tad upset, but then has an idea. He goes into town, finds the local carpenter and asks him to make something. The knight then returns to the castle and the guard lets him in.

Due to his clever thinking, the knight finds himself inside the castle with his lance. The lance is fully functioning, and has not been cut in any way.

How is this possible?

I hope that you are enjoying the puzzles. If you are stumped, or want to check your answers, I have produced an ebook containing 101 of the previous Friday Puzzles! It is called PUZZLED and is available for the Kindle (UK here and USA here) and on the iBookstore (UK here in the USA here).

Puzzle 61 – My pet monkey

I want to give my pet monkey a cup of banana juice. I have a big vat of the stuff (don’t ask), but can only give him exactly 4 fluid ounces (any less and he gets angry, any more and he dies). However, the really bad news is that I have a cup that will contain 5 fluid ounces when full and another one that contains 3 fluid ounces when full.

How can I use the two cups to measure exactly 4 fluid ounces and so keep the monkey happy?

Puzzle 62 – A or B

Here are three answers:
A) Answer A
B) Answer A or B
C) Answer B or C

There is only one correct answer to this question. Which answer is this?

Puzzle 63 – 10 matchsticks

Here are ten matchsticks making up an equation based on Roman numerals….

Can you move 1 matchstick and make the equation correct? You are not allowed to remove the matchstick completely and can’t leave any blanks (e.g., XI + = XI isn’t allowed). One solution is very simple and another is very sneaky.

Puzzle 64 – Even more matchsticks

Can you rearrange 6 matchsticks to leave nothing?

Puzzle 65 – Can you make 100?

How can you place the arithmetical signs ‘+’ and ‘-’ between the consecutive numbers 123456789 so that the end result is 100?

So, for example, you could go…..

12+34+56-7-89 , but that would make 6, so that doesn’t work.

Puzzle 66 – Cat

Which side of a cat contains the most hair?

Puzzle 67 – Time for tea

Yesterday I saw a drinks machine that had three selections – Tea, Coffee or Random (Tea or Coffee). However, the machine was wired up wrongly so that each button does not give what it claims.

If each drink costs 50p, what is the minimum that you have to put into the machine to work out which button gives which selection?

Puzzle 68 – The land

How can you divide this piece of land into four equally shaped pieces?

Puzzle 69 – Is it it is

Can you punctuate the words in the sentence below so that they make sense? Most of the words are not shown capitalized so as not to give any hints as to the beginning or ending of the sentences.

That that is is that that is not is not is it it is

Puzzle 70 – The 10 sheep

A friend of mine has 10 sheep, and they insist on standing in a circular pen like this…..

However, it turns out that all of the sheep don’t like one another, and so have also insisted that they are protected from each other by a wall. The problem is that sheep pen walls are circular, and my friend can only afford three of them. How can you draw three circles on the illustration to ensure that each of the sheep has its own space, protected from the others?

Puzzle 71 – Two trains

I have some train tracks very close to my house. Everyday I go down to the tracks and wait for a train to pass. There are two types of train – passenger trains and freight trains. I have been going down to see the trains at random times for a few months now and 90% of the time I see a passenger train. So far, so what?

Well, the other day I met the man in charge of the line, and he told me that 50% of the trains on the line are passenger trains and the other 50% are freight trains. How can this be the case?

Puzzle 72 – Strange rules

According to my strange rule, 4 is half of 9, 6 is half of 11, and 7 is half of 12.

Can you work out the rule, and so say what half of 13 is?

Puzzle 73 – 2 squares, 4 triangles

Can you make 2 squares and 4 triangles from just 8 matches? You are not allowed to bend or break any of the matches!

Puzzle 74 – Had had had

Can you punctuate the words in the sentence below so that they make sense? Most of the words are not shown capitalized so as not to give any hints as to the beginning or ending of the sentences.

James while John had had had had had had had had had had had a better effect on the teacher

Puzzle 75 – Pebbles

John has a problem. He has been handed 7 pebbles by a friend and told that he has to arrange them so that there are 6 straight lines of pebbles, with each line containing 3 pebbles. If John cannot solve the puzzle then his friend will murder him. Can you help prevent John being murdered?

Puzzle 76 – Boxes

You have a large box, a small box, and three stones…..

How can you put the stones in the boxes to ensure that each box contains an odd number of stones? There are at least two solutions – can you find both of them?

Puzzle 77 – Mr Pythagoras

This nice puzzle was submitted by my good friend Mr Pythagoras. Take a look at the diagram below….

Can you figure out the radius of the circle?

Puzzle 78 – More rules

What rule has been used to create the following number sequence:

8 5 4 9 1 7 6 3 2 0

Puzzle 79 – Cat

Can you change 100 into CAT by moving just two of these matchsticks?

Puzzle 80 – The children

Let’s suppose that a couple have four children. All four of the children could be the same sex, there could be three of one sex and one of another, or the sexes could be balanced two and two. Which possibility is most likely?

Puzzle 81 – The prison cell

Imagine being locked in a dark dank cell. There is a computer screen and a keyboard in the cell with you, and that allows you to type and submit any word you like. The computer is linked to the door of the cell, and certain words will open the door.

On the wall a helpful prisoner has left the following 3 clues:
Banana
Dresser
Grammar

What word would you type into the computer? There are quite a few possible answers!

Puzzle 82 – Move one number

Can you make the following equation correct by moving just one number…..

62 – 63 = 1

Puzzle 83 – The chemicals

What chemical compound is represented by the following…

HIJKLMNO

Puzzle 84 – Large and small

What is the largest number you can get using only 2 digits?

Puzzle 85 – Cars and the fly

Two cars are approaching each other at a constant velocity of 60mph. When the cars are two miles apart, a very fast fly leaves the front bumper of one of the cars and travels towards the other at the speed of 120mph. Upon reaching that car, the fly immediately reverses direction. This continues until the cars collide.

How far did the fly travel?

Puzzle 86 – At the zoo

Yesterday I met a zookeeper. I asked him how many birds and beasts he had in his zoo. He told me that there were 30 heads and 100 feet in his zoo. How many birds and beasts does he have, assuming that all birds have two feet and all beasts have 4 feet?

Puzzle 87 – Socks

I have 45 socks in my drawer. There are 14 identical blue, 24 identical red and 7 identical black. Yesterday all of the lights went in my house, so now I live in complete darkness. How many socks do I need to take out of the drawer to ensure that I have a pair of each colour?

Puzzle 88 – Reindeer race

One day Santa was bored and so decided to entertain himself by racing some of his reindeer. The first 100 meter race was between Dasher and Dancer, and Dasher won by 10m. The next 100 meter race was between Dancer and Prancer, and Dancer won by 10m. Finally, Dasher ran against Prancer in another 100m race. By how many meters did Dasher win?

Puzzle 89 – Children and numbers

Last night I went to a party. There were 8 children there and they all happened to be wearing black sweaters. My uncle gathered them together, found some chalk, and wrote one number on the back of each child.

The numbers were: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 8, 9. My uncle then asked whether it was possible to arrange the children into two groups of four, such that the numbers on the backs of the children in each group came to the same total. After much messing around, we managed it. Can you?

Puzzle 90 – Sticks and stones

I have a few thousand sticks. Each of them is 1 metre long. The other day I decided to break each of the sticks in two, with each of breaks happening at a random position along each stick.

What is the average length of the shorter pieces?

Puzzle 91 – Missing number

What’s the missing number….

Puzzle 92 – The Bible

According to the Bible, who killed 25% of the world’s population?

Puzzle 93 – Palindromes

In what sense is this order of the numbers from 1 to 10 palindromic, (that is, reading the same from left to right as right to left)?

1 4 3 5 10 2 6 9 8 7

Puzzle 94 – In the library

In one of the books I own the end is in the first half, and the prefix in the second half. The foreword comes after the epilogue, but the index comes before the introduction. What is the book?

Puzzle 95 – The cute puppy

You have been captured by a small cute puppy. He has two identical opaque vases, and 100 white beads and 100 black beads. The puppy will allow you to arrange all of the beads in whatever way you like between the two vases, but neither of the vases can be empty. The puppy will then close his eyes, put his little paw into one of the vases, rummage around, and remove just one bead. You have no idea which vase he will choose. If the puppy chooses a black bead, you will be allowed to stroke his head. But if he chooses a white bead he will bite you. How do you arrange the beads to give yourself the best chance of getting a stroke?

Puzzle 96 – Erica and John

Erica and John are standing in the same cattle field at the same time. Erica can see the same number of bulls and cows in the field. However, John can see twice as many cows as bulls.

How can this be and how many cows and bulls are there in the field?

Puzzle 97 – More chemicals

What five letter chemical element is represented by this list…

SILICON
HELIUM
NEON
HYDOGEN
LEAD
OXYGEN

Puzzle 98 – Largest numbers

If you rotate the number 6 by 180 degrees you get the number 9. What is the largest increase possible by rotating a number by 90 degrees?

Puzzle 99 – Monday, Tuesday

Jimmy’s mother had 4 children. She named the first Monday, the second Tuesday and the third Wednesday.

What is the name of the fourth child?

Puzzle 100 – How much?

I went into a shop and this is how the conversation went:
Me: “How much does it cost for one?”
Assistant: “£2″
Me: “And how much for 10?”
Assistant: “£4″
Me: “How much for 100?”
Assistant”£6”

What was I buying?

Puzzle 101 – Letters and letters

The letters of the alphabet can be grouped into 4 distinct categories. According to these categories, the first 13 letters of the alphabet would be classified as follows:

Category 1: AM

Category 2: BCDEK

Category 3: FGJL

Category 4: HI

Education loan subsidy to help banks clean loan books


In the interim budget, finance minister P. Chidambaram proposed a moratorium period for all education loans taken up to 31 March 2009 and outstanding as of 31 December 2013. Photo: Hindustan Times
Mumbai: State Bank of India (SBI), which has over Rs.9,000 crore in its education loan book, said on Monday that the four-year moratorium on education loans announced in the interim budget will help banks regularize their loan accounts.
“The finance minister’s announcement augurs well for banks to regularize educational loan accounts which went irregular due to loss of growth momentum in the economy and decline in job opportunities,” SBI chief economic adviser Soumya Kanti Ghosh said.
Consulting firm Deloitte India said the moratorium on education loans taken up to March 2009 and outstanding as of end December-2013 will help a lot of students in realizing their dreams for higher education. “This hopefully should encourage our students to fulfil their academic ambitions by utilizing educational loans and in the process enable the country to improve its gross enrollment ratio in higher education,” Deloitte Haskins and Sells Partner K.R. Sekar said.
In the budget, finance minister P. Chidambaram proposed a moratorium period for all education loans taken up to 31 March 2009 and outstanding as of 31 December 2013. The government will take over the liability for outstanding interest as on December 2013, but the borrower will have to pay interest for the period after 1 January 2014. The Centre will provide a sum of Rs.2,600 crore in the current fiscal year itself towards the proposal. The move is likely to benefit 900,000 student-borrowers to the tune of Rs.2,600 crore in the moratorium period.

Letter from an Entrepreneur to his Mother


Dear Mother,

I’ve been fortunate to be the reason for your happiness since my early childhood. Perhaps that’s why you named me Jaggi. It has always been my endeavour to make you proud of me in things that I give my heart and soul into. Lately, I haven’t been able to give you that contentment which you had always expected of me. I’m not sorry about it since the truth of the matter is that the thing that I’ve given my heart and soul has still not borne fruits and is going to take a long time. And you’ve got to wait, along with me, to celebrate the fruits of my passion.

The road that I’ve currently chosen is tough, full of prickles and lethal thorns, with the presence of countless possibilities – both heartening and disheartening. It’s going to take a lot of time to be able to achieve anything which would make you proud of me, which would enable you to say proudly to your friends that your son is an entrepreneur, that your son pursued something different and made a mark of himself. The road is deadly; it might be possible that in the middle of the journey, I get so bruised that I am not able to carry myself further. Forgive me, if that happens. The road is treacherous; it might be possible that at the end of the day, I sit back and realize that I’ve made tons of mistakes that I shouldn’t have. Reinforce my faith, if that happens. Because it was you who taught me not to fear mistakes while chasing my dreams. I wouldn’t stop. The road is unknown; it’s possible that at the end of the day I realize that the road was not worth going into and I’ve to crawl back to the place where I began. Congratulate me on my experience, if that happens. I know that my path is risky. But that’s what excites me. That’s what gives me a thrill. That’s what tells me the meaning of this life. That’s what I attain bliss from. And that’s what defines me.

Believe me mother, when I say that I heartily enjoy what I’m doing, despite knowing the facts that I might not be able to lead a comfortable life for the next two years, that I’ve become the least prospective bridegroom in consideration for any of the well-off families, that you have to fight the whims of the society which constantly pesters saying that I had been stupid in choosing the road less travelled over the conventional options, that it might ruin my chances of living a life free from hassles, that I might end up being bankrupt if things don’t turn out as expected. The good thing is I’m not scared. The better thing is there is no bad thing, just because of the good thing. I’m ready to take the leap – leap into the unknown just to know where my end lies – across the sky or beneath the ground. I can’t promise you success but I can promise you my hard-work, and I’ll make sure that I leave no stones unturned to touch my dream to perfection.

Coming from your womb, I’m fortunate to be endowed with all your traits – determination, passion and love – which gives me the confidence to trudge this dangerous path with unmatched vigour and resilience to make the impossible possible. From my end, I can assure you that I wouldn’t stop, not until my last breath – to sculpt my passion into a living icon. Please don’t worry, and be happy, just because I’m happy.

With love and faith.

Your Son
Jaggi


Logo Life: The Visual Evolution of 100 Iconic Logos
by Maria Popova
“Newton… a mind forever voyaging through strange seas of thought…alone.”

It takes a special kind of creative alchemy to transmute image into icon and catalyze a cultural cult driven by a commanding brand identity. Logo Life: Life Histories of 100 Famous Logos (public library) from Dutch publisher BIS and creative director Ron van der Vlugt offers exactly what it says on the tin, covering brands as diverse yet uniformly enduring as Apple, LEGO, adidas, Google, Xerox, and VISA. Each short chapter traces the visual evolution the respective brand logo, zooms in on noteworthy milestones in the company’s trajectory, and highlights first-hand accounts and curious anecdotes by the logo designers.

Apple (1976-2007)

Van der Vlugt tells the story of one of today’s most ubiquitous and recognizable brand identities:

Apple’s first logo was complex picture, a tribute to Isaac Newton sitting under an apple tree, with a phrase from Wordsworth: ‘Newton… a mind forever voyaging through strange seas of thought…alone’, along with the name Apple Computer Co.

Hard to reproduce, it was soon replaced by Rob Janoff’s ‘Rainbow Apple’ logo, with the introduction of the Apple II in 1997. In a later interview, Janoff said that there was no real brief. Steve Jobs only told him not to make it ‘too cute’. Ironically, the logo was designed by hand, using pencils and strips of paper.

The colors represented the monitor’s ability to reproduce colors, a unique selling point at the time. Its bright colors were intended to be appealing to young people.

The bite was added so that people would still recognize it as an apple rather than a cherry. According to Janoff, it does not represent the computing term ‘byte’, nor is there any biblical reference. Also, the bite fit snugly around the first letter of the brand name in Motter Tektura, a typeface that was considered cutting-edge at the time.

In 1984, with the introduction of the Apple Macintosh, the less than mathematically precise curves of the original logo were refined. The brand name was dropped at that point, since the apple alone proved to be an iconic symbol for the company.

From 1998 on, with the roll-out of the colorful iMacs, the stylish monochromatic themes of the logo were used, which perfectly matched the innovative character of the products.

LEGO (1934-1998)

Bayer (1881-2010)

BP (1920-2000)

3M (1948-1978)

Pirelli (1906-1945)

250+ Places Artists Can Sell Online


1. 3BStreet – A fun and quirky site with great visuals where you get your own animated storefront. Artist participation is juried, with a monthly fee as low at $9.95 per month + 3% of all transactions.

2. 500px.com – Photography site – store your photos, share them and sell them. Features work of beginners to experts. Sell your work by opening a “store” account, which is available to free as well as paid memberships.

3. AbsoluteArts – Claiming to be “the most trafficked contemporary arts site” it offers levels from free to premier. Artist bio/statement and portfolio displayed with shopping cart.

4. AbstractArtistGallery – Not an e-commerce site, this is a database of living abstract artists that presents work and includes a link to the artists website to drive traffic there. Juried; they request a donation from artists who are included.

5. AffordableBritishArt (UK Site) – Artists sell their work with no middleman, commission free, but there is a charge to have an account (4 tiered levels). You must have a PayPal account to receive payment for your work.

6. Aftcra – This site calls themselves “the place to buy and sell one-of-a-kind goods proudly crafted by American hands.” Set up a storefront here for free, and product prices must be $10 or higher. Listings stay for four months. They take 7% fee on sales.

7. Amazon – A while back, handmade jewelry was the category for artists to list on this huge e-commerce site. Now selling fine art, galleries and dealers can use Amazon as well.

8. American Handmade Crafts – Free trial (with $35 setup). Monthly fees starting at $12, and each artist can list hundreds of items for sale. They provide a shopping cart.

9. Art.com – This highly ranked e-commerce site has a division called Artist Rising, where emerging artists can upload images. They provide a print-on-demand service to sell your work. Two levels of membership – free and paid.

10. Artaissance – This juried site is looking for sophisticated art that is suitable for art publishing, and is run by well-known frame manufacturer Larson-Juhl. If your work fits the bill, you can go through a submission process to become one of their featured artists.

11. ArtBomb – (Canadian site) Dubbed as “a daily online art auction featuring carefully curated works of art from artists across Canada.” Selected artists must provide them with 50 email addresses of friends and supporters. Reserve price is set. Art Bomb takes 50% of selling price.

12. ArtBreak – Describing themselves as “a global community of artists sharing and selling their work on the web,” this site is a commission-free way to upload images and sell with a shopping cart. Curiously, their blog and social media sites are inactive.

13. ArtCorgi – Specializing in art commissions to clients. Artists retain copyright, as well as the original copies of their work (only digital files are delivered). ArtCorgi takes a 20% cut from a commission’s list price (at or above what an artist sets as a minimum) and charges no listing fees.

14. ArtDip – (UK Site) Now open to painters, printmakers and artists in 2D media, ArtDip offers individual websites; they offer a ten-day free trial.

15. ArtDiscover – Art spaces and artists can promote themselves creating, editing and uploading their information for free on ArtDiscover. Galleries can also promote exhibitions.

16. Art-Exchange – B2B site where artists can get connected to interior designers, architects and others in the trade. Work is sold wholesale here; they take 10% commission.

17. ArtFido – (Australian Site) Artists and galleries can create listings of available work on this international site, where shoppers can buy or bid on art. They take 8.5% of sales made.

18. ArtFire – Huge marketplace of crafts, art, supplies, vintage and more. Customize your own shop on this site. $12.95 monthly fee.

19. Artflung – Non-profit is an online curated art gallery, with no fees involved. Artist submissions can be made on the site, and is juried.

20. ArtFortune – Create your own online art gallery here. Site visitors can see the images that you have uploaded, and click through to your website, where you make the sale. They charge a monthly fee, and have several different plans. There is also a forum and community on this site.

21. Artful Home – Gorgeous online catalog for handmade home décor, wall art, apparel and accessories. They have a paper catalog as well as online gallery. This is a juried site, with a jury fee and $300 membership fee if accepted.

22. Artfuly – (Australian site) A juried site, where you can submit your work for review. If you are a match, they market your work for free, but charge admin, delivery and insurance fees when work is sold. For Australian artists only at this time.

23. ArtfullyWalls – This Print-on-Demand site sells art prints, and is juried. Artists can open a store there and upload images, and receive a set amount per item ordered (see site for details.) They also sell limited editions.

24. ArtfullyReimagined – “Repurposed” is the key word on this site, which specializes in selling work that includes reused, repurposed or recycled materials, and take a 10% commission. This site is juried. They also offer mini-grants, prospectus is on their site.

25. ArtGallery – (UK site) They claim to be a “leading destination for customers wishing to buy art online.” Two membership levels (one is free), with shopping cart function. They even text you when your art sells, which is pretty cool.

26. Art-GalleryWordwide – Offers three monthly account options to artists plus setup fee. Each artist gets a home page to upload images. Shopping cart provided.

27. ArtHog – Online gallery sells prints of your work. They market your art, you keep 60% on sales. They will also work with you on licensing. Submissions are juried. Free membership, submission and listing.

28. Articents – Handmade and vintage items are sold here. This site is very inexpensive, with no listing fees or commissions, and only a $5.00 monthly fee. Make your own storefront, where you can even include videos.

29. Artid – Online exhibition space where you can sell your art. Three membership levels, including one which is free. Each artist gets their own gallery and blog. Artid offers an ebay selling option for premium members.

30. Artinvesta (Australian site) This site promotes itself as selling original art on a global scale. They offer artists unlimited space to upload a portfolio, and take 10% plus Paypal fees from your sales. You can register as a seller for free.

31. Artist-Listing – A “free showcase for visual artists,” this site has a free plan, or you can upgrade your page for $25 or $149 annual packages (custom built templates). This site does not include a shopping cart, but allows a portfolio and bio where you can list your own website to make sales.

32. ArtistsInfo – A “global showcase” that drives visitors from their website to yours. Juried from information and images submitted on the site, an artist listing is £ 49.99. They claim to be the number one gallery on You Tube.

33. ArtistSites – Called “A Virtual Community of Artist Portfolios” this site is totally free to use. Artists can upload up to 25 portfolio images, and create a bio. Site visitors can comment or contact the artist. You can include a link to your own website as well.

34. ArtistsToWatch – This greeting card company accepts submissions from artists who would like to sell their work in this format. They accept new artists quarterly. To apply, email them with your info and images.

35. Artmajeur – (European site) Claims to be the world’s largest fine art gallery. Upload your art to this site, and handle any sales directly with the buyers. Monthly fees apply, no commission is taken.

36. ArtMuse – A curated collection of art in all mediums. Submit your work for consideration free. Original art can be listed at no charge; images for prints have a $15.00 listing fee. Art is sold at pre-set price points; this is a Print-on-Demand site.

37. ArtofWhere – Print-on-Demand site featuring beanies, pillows, pencil cases and phone covers. Open a store here and sell your work with offer a 3-tiered commission system.

38. Artolo – (UK site) Now in Beta, this online gallery features artist/buyer profiles, portfolios, the ability to list art in real world locations … plus coming soon, facilities to sell your work both offline and online. They take 10% commission. Sign up now open.

39. Artomat – With this unique concept, old cigarette vending machines are converted into Art Vending Machines which dispense small works of 2D and 3D art. They are searching for new artists – link leads to the guidelines.

40. Artorca – Easy instructions here say that the artist creates a profile, and uploads their work. When buyers browse and choose to buy, artists receive payment into their Paypal account and ship the work. No membership or listing fees. They take 15% commission.

41. ArtPal – Popular free gallery to sell art and buy art. Sell your paintings, photography, sculptures, jewelry, crafts, original art, prints, and much more. They also have a free Print-on-Demand service. Free membership, easy-to-use website, and many features to sell your art.

42. ArtPistol – (UK Site) This website advertises that they sell “original art and limited edition prints from both budding and recognized UK artists.” They sell online as well as in pop up events, and sell to corporate clients. Artists list prices on the site, but shoppers are also allowed to make offers. Features a wedding registry. No upfront fees, but they take 25% commission.

43. Artplatform (UK Site) – This site sells art while supporting charities. Depending on your chosen level of gifting, you may or may not receive payment. Fine art only. They encourage you to list your website and galleries than show your work.

44. Artplode – Now in pre-launch, this sites advertises that it’s the place “where artists galleries dealers and the public can sell art online with no commission.” Register on their mailing list for updates.

45. ArtPreferred – Create your own art store here for $9.95 per month, with no commissions taken. Audience is global. They also have a feature where you can promote your art events as well.

46. Artquid – Calling itself “The Art World Marketplace,” this international website sells fine art, antiques and fine craft in different mediums. Works on a set annual fee.

47. Artsicle – Have you ever considered renting your art? This site specializes in residential and corporate art rentals, and renting art for staging apartments and homes for sale. If you are a New York City artist, find out more by contacting Dan(at)Artsicle.com who runs this website.

48. ArtShow – This site provides websites for artists, as well as having an online gallery for promotion. It is juried – submit your images + $220 fee for setup and first year (refunded if you are not selected.)

49. ArtSlant – This popular art website allows artists to sell their work using different arrangements, from listing your work yourself, to having ArtSlant get involved with making the sale. Marketing tools offered. Fees vary.

50. ArtSpan – Artists in any medium can build their own websites on ArtSpan, which boasts 4,000 member sites. Shopping carts and Print-on-Demand also available. Fees range from $14-$20 per month.

51. Art Specifier – Specializing in selling to architects, designers, art consultants and galleries, art specifier is a juried site. Annual membership for artists is $100, with no other fees or commissions involved.

52. Artsy Home – Offering “Original Décor for Home Work and Life,” This website targets interior designers, commercial decorators, upscale homeowners & others with print catalogs as well as online sales. Pay either 25% commission or $14.95 monthly fee.

53. ArtTraffic – (UK Site) Here’s where they claim you can “Buy the work of young or established artists & discover future talent.” Mediums include everything from sculpture to jewelry to prints. This site offers membership packages, and takes a commission.

54. ARTtwo50 – This site is “a marketplace for original pieces that buyers can view hanging on their wall before they buy for an affordable price.” All art sold on this site is $250, artists get 80%. They have an innovative iPad app that shows art in situ.

55. ArtWanted – This site allows artists to upload images and price their own work. The artist can then fulfill orders for original art or reproductions on their own, or use ArtWanted’s Print-on-Demand services, where artwork can be printed on a selection of products. They take 15% commission.

56. ArtWeb – (UK site) – Has plans ranging from free to pro, no commission is taken on sales. Artists can upload images on to their own profile pages. Shopping cart is provided.

57. ArtworkHeroes – (Danish site) This site runs monthly competitions, with winners work being sold as limited editions. Artists receive 15% of the price of prints which are sold by this Print-On-Demand provider.

58. ArtworkxOfMann – (UK Site) Sponsored by an international art agency, this site sells original art and reproductions. They have a brick and mortar gallery and hold events. Applications are juried; charges annual fee ranging from £49 – £250.

59. AxisWeb – (UK site) Create your own web shop here, and join museums, galleries and other artists selling their work. Even has a bridal registry. Commission based.

60. b-uncut – Billing themselves as “The Art Exchange,” this site serves creative directors, curators, art consultants and others matching their projects with artists who place bids. 20% commission rate when sales are made.

61. Bakso – (UK Site) This site specializes in t-shirts, and encourages independent designers to join. Upload your designs to this POD vendor, and you will receive 15% of the price of the shirt.

62. Behance – This popular online platform for creatives allows you to upload your art to a gallery with a personalized URL. “Work for Sale” is a category where artists can use shopping cart function to sell.

63. Big Cartel – “Bringing the Art to the Cart” is the mission here, where over 250,000 online stores have been opened by creatives. Pricing runs from free to about $30 per month with no long-term commitment. Brand and customize your own online shop.

64. BlkDot – This site provides e-commerce for Tumblr, the world’s biggest blogging platform. Artists can create blog posts featuring their work and sell right from the post with BlkDot’s shopping cart. No listing or monthly fees. They take 3% of each transaction.

65. Bonanza – This site sells everything, not just art – and claims to have 4 million items for sale. You can import items from Etsy to Bonanza free of charge. Listing is free – a percentage is taken from the cost of items that sell.

66. Boticca – Jewelry and fashion accessories marketplace for aspiring designers. This site is juried. Upon approval, set up your shop and upload images. No membership fee – they take 30% commission on sales.

67. Brika – this e-commerce site focuses on House and Home, Jewelry, Accessories, Paper Goods and Baby Items. You must apply to become a “maker” on the site. Email them for terms.

68. Bucketfeet – Would your artwork look just perfect on a pair of shoes? This site offers cool sneakers with a variety of designs. Jury by sending an email to info(at)Bucketfeet.com with your portfolio.

69. BuyAndLeaseArt – This service leases art for office and residential environments in 12-24 month terms. This gives a monthly fee to the artist. Art is also sold on the site, with the artist receive 70% of the price. Juried submission. No fee to list.

70. BuyCoolArt – Like a Pinterest board with prices, this free website is super easy to use. Just create an account, and upload your artwork images with prices that you set. One click takes the reader right to your own website for the purchase.

71. Café Press – Print-on-Demand site has two options – start your own online store, or upload designs only without the hassle of managing a shopfront. They set base prices for each item, which you mark up for your “royalty”. Fees are 10% of royalties.

72. Cargoh – Calling themselves a “social marketplace for independent art, design + culture,” Cargoh is a juried and curated site. Upon acceptance, there is an 8% commission on sales, with no other fees.

73. Centerpoint Art Project : When you store your art inventory data with Centerpoint, they include several creative e-commerce features designed to help Fine Artists sell art. You can personalize your sales approach for originals and limited editions and it will instantly sync your inventory with your website.

74. ClickForArt – (UK Site) This site sells work from artists in the UK as limited edition art, art prints, canvas prints and limited edition homewares. They sell retail and also wholesale to retailers. You may submit to them by sending an email to artist [@] clickforart.com with samples or a link to your website.

75. CollegeArtOnline – Sellers must be attending art school, or be a recent grad or professor (with an .edu email address unless otherwise approved) to list their work on this site. 25% commission is taken when your art sells – no other fees apply.

76. ColourInYourLife – (Australian Site) Sells original, prints and limited edition art. Artists get their own shop. Fill in online submission form, and they will respond with best pricing for your work and commission details.

77. Constrvct – Is your art perfect to become wearable? Now on Beta, Constvct is a crowd-sourced fashion label. Upload your design, and it is custom printed onto fabric, and made in dresses, shirts, skirts. Sign up to get into their Artist Program, where your designs can be made available to consumers and you earn royalties.

78. ContemporaryArtGalleryOnline – Juried site, which helps artists market and sell their work, and has a shopping cart. 2D work only. Markets to trade professionals; also features competitions.

79. Coriandr – (UK Site) They state that “anything handmade and creative can be sold on Coriandr.” No membership fee. The cost to list per item is 20p plus 2.5% commission on sales. Easy to set up your own shop page, and listings never expire.

80. CraftCafe – This site exists to sell handmade craft and craft supplies. Open up a shop for as little as $4.95 per month. No sales or listing fees.

81. CraftIsArt – Focusing on handcrafted and vintage goods and supplies, this site offers pay-as-you-go and premium packages to sell your work online.

82. CraftGawker – Curated craft photo gallery linking through to craft blogger sites from around the world. Submissions are moderated. Lure visitors to your own site where you can make the sale.

83. CraftJuice – Though not strictly for sellers, this curatorial site will link through images to any site. Submit a photo of your craft from any other site and promote through CraftJuice, then sell through your other shopping cart. Votes get your work on the front page of this site.

84. Crafterstown – Small website featuring different craft items. Monthly fee from free to $9.99, and no listing fees. Free plan has a small transaction fee.

85. Craftori – Art, craft, vintage and more can be submitted to this curated site. Links through to your sales venue, where you sell direct to the customer. Pay to feature your work on their front page or in Supplies category or Gift Guide.

86. CraftShowcase – Charges no fees to sellers. The management of this site adds 15% to your prices in order to make money. Photos are uploaded, and must be approved before going live. Artists can sell retail or wholesale here, and even post videos.

87. CraftStar – Run by craftspeople, this site has a $5.00 monthly membership fee, and no listing fees. Very helpful forum and customer service here.

88. CraftyMall – All types of handcrafted items are sold on this site. No cost to upload images or list items; a 3% transaction fee is retained by the site owner.

89. Craigslist – Believe it or not, you can sell art on Craigslist, which contains about everything else in the world. Artists can advertise free to solicit commissions, or sell their work. Beware of scam buyers on this site.

90. Crated – In prelaunch now, this website helps artists sell photography and digital artwork. Sign up for notifications when they go live.

91. CreativeMarket – This site is for graphic artists to sell graphics, logos, themes, etc. Artists set their own prices and keep 70% of each sale. They do not require an exclusive on any designs.

92. CreativeStores – (UK site) Based in England but doing business worldwide, this site proclaims, “You may sell handmade goods, crafts, creations, gifts (that are inline with other items on the website), craft supplies, digital downloads e.g. pdf files for patterns.” Monthly fee with three package options.

93. Crevado – A website to upload your art portfolio and your bio, Crevado does not offer a shopping cart, but enhances your web presence. Fees range from free to $9.00 per month.

94. CustomMade – This website seeks artists and craftspeople to match with buyers who would like custom work created for them. Consumers post requests, and bids are taken from makers. Once a custom piece of work is made and shipped, CustomMade takes a 10% commission.

95. DailyPainters – Large gallery of art is searchable, and links buyers through to your own website where you can make the sale. This site is juried, and they are seeking prolific artists with a unique style who are also bloggers.

96. DailyPaintWorks – This popular site has a large variety of new 2D art offered every day. They help you sell originals only. Join them for $12.95 per month, which entitles you to upload any number of images you like.

97. DargerHQ – Their mission is “to provide an influential platform for presenting important, emerging artists’ work to new collectors” and a limited number of artists are featured on this site, with work for sale and shopping cart. You may submit your work to be juried (with a $10 fee) and if accepted, any work sold is subject to 30% commission.

98. D’Art Fine Art – Large online gallery of work, with memberships available ranging from approximately $15-$30 per month. Offers marketing tools. Connects buyers with artists, and allows bids; also has shopping cart function.

99. DaWanda – This site promotes that it sells “Products with Love” and specializes in unique or limited edition, handmade, customizable and tailor-made work from small creative businesses. Create your own shop – no fees, 5% commission.

100. DegreeArt – (UK Site) Students and recent graduates can submit their work for consideration to this site, which has an online venue as well as a London gallery where they may put your work in a solo or group show, and promote you to the press. They require an initial fee of £75.

101. DENYDesign – This home furnishings company creates Print-on-Demand pillows, bed linens, shower curtains, wall art and more. Does your work need to be in this collection? Artists are juried in.

102. Deviant Art – With 80 million pieces of art onsite, this behemoth is the largest social network for artists. It’s a platform that allows emerging and established artists to exhibit, promote, and share their works, including selling prints. Prints are base price; set your selling price to include a royalty for your payment.

103. Docent – Selling “affordable art to the carefree collector,” this site features original works and limited editions archival prints.They have monthly exhibitions and flash sales on the site as well. Juried. Complete form on site for more info.

104. Dossiae – This site provides a place for artists, designers, etc. to list their services in a directory, which is searchable. Now in Beta.

105. DPCPrints – Register for the DPChallenge, and you will have an online profile where you can upload your scanned photographs, scanned paintings and drawings, and digital artwork. This is a Print-on-Demand site. Artists pay $25.00 per year membership plus the base price of all prints. Set your own prices, and split profits with them.

106. Dunked – Create an online portfolio on this website, using their templates, and even keep your own domain name. They have a clean contemporary look, are mobile-friendly and offer great features to the user. Rates range from $6 – $19 per month.

107. EasyArt – (UK Site) This POD vendor sells reproductions of artists’ work from submitted digital files (one-time fee for uploading), and pays 10% commission to the artist. They set prices based on substrate. Not currently accepting new artists (as of 4/13) but they advertise upcoming “Easy Art Academy”.

108. Ebay – The big kahuna of marketplaces, Ebay is a place to sell art as well as anything else on the planet. Although it may not be the first choice of most artists, others may find a niche where they can do well here. Listing and transaction fees apply.

109. EBSQArt – This site for “self-representing artists” allows you to create an online presence that links through to other websites where you have a shopping cart. EBSQ focuses on its built-in social networking tools to spread the word about your work. Membership based, $8.95 per month.

110. Envelop – This is a European site for designers to upload designs to be printed on textiles and sold as pillows, totes, aprons, etc. Submissions are juried. Artists receive a portion of the sale price.

111. Epilogue – a volunteer-driven Sci-Fi and fantasy art site, Epilogue allows artists to create galleries, and link to their own websites – so it works as a marketing tool to reach out to buyers who like this genre. This is a juried site, with apparently no charge to artists.

112. Etsy – This is the well-known 800 lb. gorilla, where artists and craftspeople can open their own online shop. Vintage goods and supplies also allowed. Etsy offers support communities and lots of help selling. Listing and transaction fees apply.

113. EtsyWholesale – Now in Beta launch, they are taking applications for artists who are experienced in wholesale. This new platform uses the power of Etsy to reach retailers who want to purchase handmade goods for their stores.

114. Exsibit – (UK Site) Built “for artists by artists” Exsibit allows you to upload your images and publishes your work to social media sites. They also provide a shopping cart. Plans start at €15 per month.

115. EyesOnWalls – Canadian art company selling original art, prints and textiles. Very selective group of artists they work with exclusively. Artists must have large enough body of work, have a following and fit their “look.” Submit images or a link to your site to them through email.

116. Ezebee – A platform for designers, handmade manufacturers and micro-companies all over the world, this site is 100% free. Create your own showroom and start selling. Very interactive with social media.

117. Fab – Fab sells many things besides art (they call it a “compelling marketplace for everyday design”), but they are willing to look at a submission of your work should you want to be considered. Apply right here.

118. Facebook – yes, one of your favorite social networks can also be your online store. Use Wix or Heyo to create a really cool customized Facebook page, with a shopping cart too.

119. FarmMade – Filling a niche, FarmMade claims that farmers (and they have a broad definition) can set up shop, but you will see quilts, paintings, handmade soaps and other items on this site. Seller accounts are $5.00 per month plus 5% commission. A Paypal account is needed.

120. FineArtStudioOnline – A favorite place for artists to create their own professional art website (with your own URL), get marketing help, integrate a blog and social media. Monthly fee $8-$40.

121. FineArtAmerica – Build an art profile page, then promote and sell your work on paper or stretched canvas from this Print on Demand provider. Provides marketing help and an embedded shopping cart on your own website.

122. FolioTwist – Their platform provides artists a website and blog, marketing help and more. Monthly fees $25-$40 for the package.

123. Folksy – (UK site) Featuring modern British craft, this site has online stores for artists to list and sell their work. Pay-as-you-go and monthly plans available.

124. FotoMoto – A Print-on-demand e-commerce widget that integrates seamlessly into your existing website. They take care of printing, packing, and shipping orders to your customers. Pay per transaction and monthly fee programs.

125. FoundMyself – Free for artists to upload images; no commission taken. Sales are handled between the buyer and seller only, not the site. “Honor system” asks artists to contribute what they feel is fair when sales are made.

126. FromtheWilde – (UK site) Featuring art and handmade craft from Europe, Australia, Canada and the US, this site has a good search function and promotes artists. If interested in submitting your work, click on “Contact” and send an enquiry.

127. FrontPorchArt – This site brands itself as a “laid-back art market” for Southern art. Juried; you list at least five pieces for sale, with no listing fees. They take 40% of the sale.

128. Gallerish – Free to artists, this site allows you to upload images, bio, etc. Visitors are directed to artists by email, or can use PayPal to purchase.

129. GalleryToday – Connects artists with buyers to sell original signed paintings internationally. They offer a guarantee that every painting will arrive in perfect condition. Juried. To apply, check their website for submission email and instructions.

130. Gelaskins – This company produces skins for all types of devices, from laptops to phones to e-readers, and also art prints and canvasses. They will accept email submissions from artists wishing to license their designs – see website for details.

131. GiftWrappedAndGorgeous (UK Site) – Online boutique for gifts, jewelry and artwork. This site is curated – application is available on their site.

132. GLCCraftMall – Specializing in handmade crafts. Open up your storefront here for fees ranging from free to $12.00 depending on the number of listings you have. No commissions are taken.

133. GoodJoe – A Print on Demand T-shirt company with a conscience, this vendor supports nonprofits and good causes. Set up your own shop, upload your designs, and you receive 10% commission on every t-shirt they sell.

134. Goodsmiths – Calling themselves “The Marketplace for Makers” this site has no setup or listing fees, and takes only 2% of each sale.

135. GotArtWork – Artists can sell originals or reproductions here. This is a Print-on-Demand site, with monthly plans ranging from free to several hundred dollars.

136. GreetingCardUniverse – Create a greeting card store on this site for free and upload your images. They are a Print on Demand vendor, and artists make 35 cents per card sold.

137. Gumroad – Originally created to sell digital products, Gumroad now allows sellers to list physical products. You provide a link to the item, and they receive payment. No store needed, this site does allow you to communicate directly with customers.

138. HandmadeArtists – A very active community as well as a venue to sell art or craft. No commissions are taken – $5.00 monthly subscription, they provide a shopping cart.

139. Handmadeology – This site is a place to get exposure for your art or craft, but does not actually have its own shopping cart. Uploading your images is free. Your item description has links to your website, social media, and other places to buy (such as your Etsy shop). Feature your work on Handmadeology’s front page for $5.00.

140. HarnGallery – This site is a curated marketplace for affordable, original art. Artists simply register and upload their images. When sales are made, the artist ships the work, and retains 80% of the purchase price.

141. HouseOfSass – This new site is based on a “hotel” theme where each artist is given a room to present their work. They are currently offering six months free, and then have monthly plans from $7.95 – $15.95 depending on how many products are listed. No commissions.

142. Houzz – Is your work just right for interiors? Houzz has the largest residential design database in the world. Create your profile under “Artists and Artisans” in the Pro section here and upload images of your work. It’s free.

143. iCraft – (Canadian Site) Sells the handmade work of artists globally. $25 registration fee, and monthly fees of $5.00 to $15.00 depending on how many images your upload.

144. ImageKind – Print-on-Demand. Join free, customize your own storefront. Fees range from free to $95 per year. Set your own retail prices; they charge base price and pay you the rest.

145. IndieMade – Their pitch is that they help crafters, artists, photographes, DIYers, and artisans of all types easily produce creative websites. Monthly fees start as low as $4.95 (no long-term commitment) and you can even get a 30-day free trial.

146. Ingallery – This juried site solicits submissions from “established and up and coming artists.” They are Print-on-Demand, selling work as digital canvases, and have themed galleries on their site. No info given about charges or commissions.

147. InksterInc – This Print-on-Demand site offers t-shirts designed by member artists. Apply to be included in their group of artists by sharing your images or website URL. Create your page showing your art for purchase by the public. T-shirts retail for $20, and artists get $5 on each sale through Paypal.

148. InPRNT – This site sells giclees. Juried submission process of sending three of your best pieces for review. Inquire about costs.

149. Instaprints – a Fine Art America site, Instaprints allows you to sell your Instagram photos as prints on different substrates, greeting cards, etc. This is a Print-on-Demand site. Artists can join free or pay $30 for a premium plan. They take no commission on originals or prints (unless you want them to print them). Many more services – check their website for more.

150. JewelSpan – A sister site to ArtSpan, this vendor caters to artists selling handcrafted jewelry. Artists get a pretty sharp website with shopping cart, blog and even videos about their work. Intro price is $99/year plus 10% commission on sales. No listing fees. Sales to buyers going directly to member site URL incur no commission.

151. JuicyCanvas – This website features contemporary art, with a catalog of limited edition pieces, which can be re-mixed by the customer. This Print on Demand provider prints canvasses, t-shirts, totes, baby clothes and more. Submit your portfolio through email to be considered.

152. Keep – A curated site where you can “keep” images from the web (like Pinterest), including your work from third part sites like Etsy. This site has a “Buy” button which guides visitors to your own online shopping cart.

153. LokoFoto – (UK Site) This site offers local photographs of many areas of the world. Submit your photos, which are voted up or down by the community. You set the price, and they keep 40% for production the prints and shipping out the photos to customers.

154. Luulla – Calling itself “The Marketplace for Unique Products” Luulla offers artists a monthly plan for $9.90 plus 3% selling fee, or a pay-as-you-go option with listing fees and the selling fee. They promote your work to social media as well.

155. MadeByHandOnline – (UK Site) British and Irish craftspeople are welcome to apply. This site is juried, and has an active community and directory, and actively markets their makers. They take 22% commission on sales.

156. MadeInPembrokeshire – (UK Site) Features handmade gift items, jewelry, art and more from artists and artisans from Pembrokeshire in Wales. Contact site admin for information if you are in that area.

157. MadeIt – Australian site for handmade goods. This marketplace charges vendors .35 per listing plus 4.5% commission on sales. No membership fees.

158. MadeItMyself – Upload your images, and either set a price or negotiate with buyers. They provide a shopping cart. Listing fee and commission applies.

159. Meylah – Open a store for your artwork or handmade goods, or even create a curated marketplace. They offer support and marketing help. No upfront fees, only a 2.75% commission on sales.

160. MadeByHandsOfBritain – (UK Site) Not exclusively for artists, this site has listings as diverse as gifts, construction services and catering – anything done by hand by “Makers.”

161. Minted – They are a Print on Demand vendor selling holiday and Christmas cards, and wedding and party invitations. Submit your design here, and fans will vote on it. Winners get cash prizes, and the rights to sell their designs on the site.

162. MISI – (UK Site) MISI, or “Make It, Sell It” is an online platform to sell handmade crafts, vintage items and supplies. Listing fee plus 3% commission on sales.

163. Modalyst – This website is for designers who want to sell wholesale to retailers. They provide the “virtual showroom” and allow retailers to meet minimum orders through purchasing from more than one vendor. Designers pay them a percentage; contact for details.

164. ModernArt-Design – (UK Site) Submit your work to be juried into the “Artist Program” on this Print-on-Demand site, which sells artwork, but also prints images for consumers. They do not list artist terms on their site, so you will need to inquire.

165. MuzikShirt – This site describes itself as a “community designed limited-edition tee company featuring fresh music inspired designs every 72 hours.” Do you create music-related art that would work well as a t-shirt design? This could be a fit. Submit your artwork here and earn $1.00 for each sold during the sales period.

166. MyBestCanvas – Sells original paintings, to an international audience. Customer gets directly in touch with the artist; no commission is taken. $50 annual fee to upload your images and become a seller.

167. MySoti – Print-on-Demand site specializing in t-shirts, lampshades, and art reproductions. Upload your designs for free, and choose your markup. They pay you the amount of basic cost for items they print.

168. NewBloodArt – (UK Site) Representing early and mid-career artists, this juried site focuses on selling originals. You determine the selling price, and they take a commission.

169. NextDayArt – NextDayArt are artist agents, who represents artists to manufacturers for licensing purposes. This is accomplished through their website and trade shows. They accept submissions from artists through email – see the site for details.

170. NotMassProduced – (UK Site) All artisans applying to have a store on this site are vetted. Upload your images, and ship your goods. They provide a shopping cart. Curiously, their management doesn’t reveal their fees on the site, only saying, “you can start trading very quickly at a reasonable cost.”

171. Nuzart – (European Site) This is a Print-on-Demand site, so originals and limited editions don’t sell here. Upload your images and set your price. You collect the percentage over the base price of the reproductions.

172. OArtTee – This Print On Demand T-shirt company encourages artists who work with inks, digital illustration or creative photography to upload your designs on their site. Artists get their own gallery page, and receive a commission from sales (not specified).

173. OpenSky – Open a storefront here, and you receive a percentage of the sale (up to 100%) when you drive traffic to your item through social media. Customers are incentivized to also share to earn points for shopping credits.

174. OriginalArtOnline – As the name implies, original art is sold here. Membership fee about $6-$8 per month, no commissions are taken. Set your asking price and take offers from buyers. They provide marketing help.

175. OriginalArtUnder100 – (UK Site) A simple, no-nonsense original art website where all the featured work is priced under £100. Artists sell direct and commission free to buyers with free 4 month trial. If they decide to stay beyond their trial period, they pay £20 per year, or £12 for 6 months. Artists also get a free link to their website and their own URL gallery page.

176. PaperNStitch – Online exhibition space curated monthly. $55 to be in first exhibition, with future exhibitions at a discounted rate. No commissions. Your image links back to a selling site where buyers can purchase your work.

177. PictureFair (UK Site) They sell photographic art prints from this site, where artists can upload up to 25 images for free. They print and ship the image, and you earn a royalty from each sale.

178. Pinbeads – Are you a jewelry designer? This Pinterest-style site is all about jewelry. Pin your jewelry, jewelry supplies or DIY tutorials on their boards. Images click through to your website where you can close the sale

179. Pinterest – This super-popular website allows you to create collections by “pinning” images around the web which click through to the original site. Have an item to sell, on Etsy, or anywhere else? List the price when you pin your item – a click on the photo will take the shopper through to your own site where you can make the sale. Priced items show up in their “Gifts” section.

180. Pixels – Part of Fine Art America, Pixels is “the premier online marketplace for buying and selling fine art prints and originals” and offers a huge array of services and options for artists. You can open an account and an artist’s store there free, or get more options for $30 per year.

181. Pixpa – Created for photographers, artists and designers, Pixpa gives you a portfolio site with a built-in shopping cart provided by FotoMoto. If you have a blog and need a place to show large, gorgeous photos of your work, this might be it. Monthly plans start at $10.

182. Poppito – (UK Site) Describing themselves as “an online market place providing greater opportunities for makers of quality handmade goods and growers of homegrown produce,” Poppito sells credits which are exchanged for listing your items.

183. PoppyArts – Based out of a brick and mortar, this site sells jewelry, fine craft and art, this site features about 200 artists and is juried. They buy wholesale from the artist.

184. PoppyTalkHandmade – (Canadian site) Dubbing itself “the original curated online marketplace for emerging design talent,” this site accepts artist submissions, and is juried. $60 monthly fee for sellers. They feature “themed markets” which change monthly.

185. Portraity – Are you a portrait artist or photographer? This site aims to connect artists and clients who want commissioned portraits made. Artists upload their portfolio onto the site and a “contact” button puts potential clients in touch with you. Currently in Beta and offering free memberships.

186. PrintPop – This Print-on-Demand site claims to be for aspiring/emerging, “struggling,” part-time, hobbyist, or student artists” to sell poster-sized print reproductions of their work. Artist earns 15% royalty from each item.

187. PrintsOnWood – Print-on-Demand site that creates art prints on wood, using fine art or photography that you submit. $5.00 fee to sign up and become a vendor on this site.

188. RebelsMarket – This site claims to be the “No. 1 alternative community for buying & selling anti-mainstream items for subcultural lifestyles such as goth, steampunk, rockabilly, pinup, tattoos & more.” Fit your work? Open a free store – they take 15% commission. Juried to make sure your designs are rebellious enough.

189. RedBubble – Print-on-Demand site featuring posters, prints, t-shirts, cards and more. They have set base prices, and you collect the markup that you choose.

190. RetailParade – This is a wholesale site geared for the gift industry. Juried vendors pay a monthly fee. No submission process indicated, use contact form for more info.

191. RiseArt – (UK Site) Artists can create a profile here and submit their work, which is ranked by votes from the Rise Art community. Chosen artists are promoted, and work may be commissioned by Rise Art, or sold on the site. Totally free to use.

192. SaatchiOnline – Upload your images, sell originals and prints. Artist retains 70% of purchase price.

193. SableAndOx – (UK Site) This website offers a service “allowing artists to showcase their impressive portfolio of work and giving customers the chance to browse and buy exquisite exclusive pieces of art all on our innovative online gallery.” They take a commission percentage (not specified on site).

194. ScoutMob – This site is all about local, and features a “shoppe” to buy art and handmade items. Choose your favorite city on their list, and see locally made work (they even have their own app.) You can apply to be one of their local “makers” by contacting them through the site.

195. SculptSite – Sculpture-only site, buyers purchase directly from the artist. This site is juried. No commissions, you pay a fee ranging from $0 – $99 per year. They give marketing assistance.

196. SeekAndAdore – (UK Site) If you design homewares and accessories, you can apply to be juried into this site. Get your own artist “studio” page showing your items. Annual fee of £180 plus they take 25% of each sale. Artists drop-ship their orders.

197. SeekingDesigners – This site has a marketplace which is mostly oriented to fashion, accessories and home. Not strictly handmade. They jury submissions to be part of their group of designers. Monthly fees range from about $11-$30 per month.

198. SeeMe Art Market – Soon to launch, this is the e-commerce part of the SeeMe.com website for creatives. Create a profile and sign up for more info here.

199. Sellpin – Their tagline is “If you can pin it on Pinterest, You can sell it on SellPin” and they offer a place to list your work to sell when referred through Pinterest. Easy to log in with Facebook. Free to list, they take 7% fee on sales.

200. SellUrArt – This website sells your artwork as a poster. One dollar subscription for a year. If your poster sells, you get a percentage of the sale. SellUrArt will sell art on their own website along as auction sites like eBay.

201. ShopDelighted – Featuring mostly handcrafted items, this site allows sellers to list an item for 120 days for .20, and also charges 3.5% commission on sales. Joining is free and you must have a Paypal account.

202. ShopHandmade – You can set up a store here to sell anything handmade, although their home page shows some manufactured items – for example, you can literally buy a GPS for your car. Their stores are “100% fee free,” and they literally collect donations to keep going. Yes, that’s right – donations.

203. Shopinterest – turn your Pinterest boards into a store! All Pinterest items with a price get added to your Shopinterest store. They provide a shopping cart, but customers pay you directly. They are in Beta now, but have a free trial period and will offer pay-per-item or monthly fees going forward.

204. Shoply – (UK Site) This website features many products – Art is one category. Easy to upload images and get your store opened. Monthly plans range from free to $39.99, plus a commission that varies (this information was gleaned from an article about Shoply – they do not post fees in any easy-to-find place on their site before signup.)

205. SiOTTGallery (UK Site) Juried gallery site offering online exposure, and also invites artists to show at Art Fairs or Events. Annual fee of £50. They take 35% commission on sales.

206. Skreened – Print-on-Demand t-shirt site. Any site visitor can make a custom-made shirt, or can purchase available designs. That’s where you come in – upload your artwork and create your own shop. Choose your own price, you make everything above base prices charged by the site.

207. Smitsy – Juried site with no membership or listing fees. They take a 35% commission from sales of art. Bio of artist shown (which you can update), and shopping cart on site.

208. Society6 – Print-on-Demand site, featuring prints, canvases, iPhone cases, hoodies and more. Upload your artwork, and set your price. You receive payment for everything over the base price of their products.

209. Spoonflower – Known for printing custom fabric for designers, this site is Print-on-Demand and prints your work on textiles, wallpaper and decals. They claim to offer the largest collection of independent fabric designers in the world. Artists receive 10% of sale price.

210. Spreadshirt – Open your own t-shirt shop online, featuring your designs. No cost to set up. This Print-on-Demand vendor pays you an agreed upon royalty on each sale.

211. SquareMarket – Created by the people who offer the Square card reader, it is not for art or craft only. This popular marketplace offers free online stores, and has a very clean contemporary look. They take 2.75% of every sale.

212. StoreEnvy – Although this website isn’t for artists and craftspeople only, it’s a very popular e-commerce solution for listing your work (and their do have an Art category). Set up a freeshop here, or use your own domain for $4.99, and even tie your shop to your Facebook page. Site visitors can “Envy” your work at the click of a button – getting it featured on the “Popular” page.

213. SuperMarket – This website offers a curated collection of work, which is juried. They ask for submissions via email. Create a store and upload your images. You get paid for your work directly through PayPal, and pay them a commission monthly.

214. Tag99 – Billed as as “Artist’s Community Marketplace” this site allows you to list art for free and does not charge commissions. You can however get home page exposure there for fees ranging from $7.00 – $15.00 per listing.

215. Tattoodo – Want to design custom tattoos and sell them? This website allows consumers to request customized tattoos through contests where artists submit their interpretation, and designs evolve. Winners receive from $100 – $300 per design depending upon contest parameters. No cost to get started.

216. TeeFury – Submit your design for a T-shirt, and if accepted, your design becomes a very limited edition, available for 24 hours, and selling for $10.00. The artist gets $1.00 per shirt sold, and keeps the rights to the design.

217. TheCraftersBarn – (UK Site) Handcrafted goods are sold on this website, which dubs itself a “co-op” and has a very low monthly fee with no commissions taken. Includes shopping cart.

218. The FunkyArtGallery – (UK Site) Featuring contemporary, funky, urban and pop art, this online venue sells originals and limited editions only. Juried for “originality, quality and funkiness.” Artists paying joining fee of £50 plus 33% commission.

219. TheMatBoard – A Pinterest-type site, you can “mat” images that you find online, including your own portfolio. Then, share on social media. Your work can be grouped into collections, and you are notified when other people comment. Since clicking on an image takes the viewer to the original site, you can lead potential customers to your website.

220. ThePrintersInc (UK Site) – A new type of Print-on-Demand offering that allows artists to sell art or photography from any website or blog via embeddable widgets and plugins that provide shopping carts. Set your own price for your work; they take a base rate per item for printing and shipping to the customer. No upfront costs or hidden fees.

221. TheUntappedSource – Print-on-Demand site which sells reproductions and prints; they offer memberships ranging from free to about $8 per month. You price your work and collect any amount over their base prices.

222. TheWeddingMile – If your work fits into the wedding market, you can become a seller here for a monthly subscription of $9.95. They offer support and training, and a bridal registry, of course!

223. TheWorkingProof – This site sells prints (screenprint, letterpress, linocut, giclee, etc.) provided by the artist. Each sale is tied in with a contribution to a chosen charity. Juried; see site for details on submitting your work, and to inquire about terms.

224. Threadless – Create a design, and submit it to this site. The Threadless community votes to choose the very best, which will become t-shirts for sale in their marketplace. What do the design winners get? A $2,000.00 prize.

225. ThreeDayGallery – Every 24 hours, they showcase one new piece of artwork.. For 72 hours, each of 3 prints shown on the site is a part of their flash sale, where the prints are sold at a discount. Following the sale, the print is added to their permanent collection, all of which can be purchased at a price named by the artist.

226. ThumbtackPress – POD site creating paper, giclee and canvas open edition prints. Artists can submit three works to be considered. They ask that images sold on their site not be listed on others. Contact them for costs.

227. Tint Art – (UK Site) A new site collective promoting the work of artists and photographers, Tint Art is still in development, but wants your input on fantastic photographers for their site. Let them know by contacting candida@tint-art.com.

228. TopHatter – Virtual auction house. Create a listing, which is put on the block and sold to the highest bidder. You do pay a listing fee and a commission fee when the item is sold, although these vary from 5% – 15% of the selling price.

229. Trembu – Not strictly for handmade, this site has a nominal $5.99 annual membership. Create a customized store, with no listing fees and no commissions.

230. TrilliumGallery – An artist’s community where work is shown and sold. Artists are invited – but you can ask to become a part of their gallery, too. Contact Maureen at trillium@post.com.

231. Twitter – Promote your work on Twitter, using Twitpic to show photos, and list an auction, or simply a sale price. You can coordinate this with a Facebook auction of your work, or link to an auction on your website, and take bids. Twitter is also a great place to cross-promote your work for sale on any other site.

232. UGallery – Billed as “a curated online art gallery for the nation’s top mid-career and emerging artists,” this site is juried. They split the selling price 50/50 with the artist, and do extensive marketing.

233. Uncommon Goods – This site sells “unique gifts and creative design.” Submit your images to them in an online application, and their buyers and community will evaluate to see if you are accepted. This site is not exclusively art or craft related, but offers clothing, accessories and home items as well.

234. UnderTheRainbow – An online craft mall, where you can sell your work retail. They claim to screen for authenticity. No monthly fees, pay per listing. They provide a shopping cart.

235. UpcycledAroundTown – As it’s name implies, this site is all about merchandise that has been upcycled and created into new products. If that’s your schtick, contact them on the “vendor” page of their website. Contact them for terms; not listed on site.

236. Vault17 – Vault17 is a traditional art gallery, there is no shopping cart, sales are done on a personal level. Apart from their permanent exhibition space in the heart of Amsterdam, they present high quality online art exhibitions. Common gallery and representation commissions are kept, between 35% and 50%.

237. Wanelo – Short for Want-Need-Love, this site is a curated collection of items (not all are handcrafted or art), but if you have a price on your work, they provide a “Buy” button which clicks through to your website (or third-party site) to sell your work. Other community members can “save” your images, and being popular drives them to the front page of the site. Free to use.

238. WantItBuyItLoveIt – Online boutique for craft items. Contact site owner to upload photos of your handmade work. No initial cost; you pay a 25% commission only when you sell.

239. WeLoveFine – submit your art to their monthly contests, and get voted up or down by site fans and judged by guest judges. Winners receive cash prizes, and get their designs licensed for products.

240. WesternArizonaArtists – As the name implies artists from western Arizona can sell their work here. Free to create an account and list your art; they take 20% commission. The webmaster is seeking new artists. Visit the home page of this site to contact him.

241. WholesaleCrafts – This site has been around for quite a few years. Fine crafts in many mediums are listed at wholesale prices, and sell to the trade. Juried. They charge a startup fee and monthly fee of $39, or $395 annually with no setup fee for a one-year minimum commitment. $15 per month fee helps promote your work on their front page.

242. WordPlusArt – (Canadian Site) A Christian online art store. Scripture is added to the artists art and then made available online. They print and ship. Artists receive 15% commission.

243. WowThankYou – (UK Site) Proudly supporting UK artisans, this site offers everything from clothing and pet items to household and wedding gifts. Monthly competitions. Fill out a form to become a seller; no terms listed on the site.

244. XanaduGallery – Xanadu is a brick and mortar gallery in Scottsdale, AZ, but they also have an online component. Submissions are juried, but online accounts are free. They take 20% commission on sales.

245. YayArt (Danish Site) – Submit your images to get “voted in” to the shop by site visitors. Once accepted, this vendor markets, prints, distributes and sets up exhibitions. Artists receive royalties for each piece sold.

246. YellowLlama – A Print-on-demand site that prints artwork on t-shirts, bags, stretched canvases, tiles, draperies, etc. Prices from $14.99 monthly to $174.99 annually. They also create artist websites, help artists open brick and mortar stores and have a financing program.

247. Yellowsmith – works with independent jewelry designers, who submit their designs to be voted upon by the Yellowsmith community. Winning designs get produced and sold, with the artist receiving royalties.

248. Yessy – Create your online art gallery, no limit on number of images. $59 annual fee. They do not take commissions, but have a transaction fee.

249. Zatista – This site is for selling original 2D art only. They target interior designers and architects as well as consumers. All work is juried. They do not have a monthly or listing fee, but take 45% commission.

250. Zazzle – Print-0n-Demand site, claiming to have 25 million monthly shoppers. No montly or listing fees. Upload your images, and set your own prices – you are paid the royalties between their base price and amount of the sale. They put images on a large variety of items.

251. Zibbet – Upload images of your art or craft into your own online shop. Fees range from free to $79 annually. They have a shopping cart and marketing help.

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